Le numéro 1/2023 de Jus Vini contient une originalité pour son leading article. La contribution initiale de A. Ribeiro de Almeida a trouvé une réponse dans la contribution de B. O'Connor. Alors que les deux textes traitent des indications géographiques européennes, le point de vue des deux auteurs diffère.
Afin de permettre l'expression d'une pluralité d'opinions scientifiques, le comité de rédaction a proposé d'incorporer dans le numéro les deux articles afin de créer un débat scientifique. Vous pouvez retrouver en avant-première les résumés des deux articles ci-après :
THE FUTURE OF GIs IN THE EUROPEAN UNION (DO THE PROPOSED CHANGES REPLY TO THE CHALLENGES AND ISSUES THAT GIs FACE TODAY?)
A. Ribeiro de Almeida
Abstract: The European Union is drafting a reform of the legal framework for geographical indications. The role the European Union Intellectual Property Office will play in this reform as well as the competences to be retained by the European Commission are not yet clear. However, a major change in the political understanding of the role of GIs under European Union policy can be expected; not only the role of GIs but also their legal understanding – for those that still comprehend GIs as public goods – may follow another path. There also seems to be a move from a quality policy to a sustainability policy, which will represent a new challenge for the GI producer groups. Some of the changes that are foreseen seem to be inspired by the future regime of non-agricultural GIs. GIs face a new challenge for the future, especially concerning the prerequisites for the recognition of a GI producer group.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE COMMISSION PROPOSAL TO REFORM THE EU RULES ON GIs FOR WINE, SPIRIT DRINKS AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
Abstract: This article examines the provisions on geographical indications in the European Commission's proposal to replace the 2012 EU Quality Regulation. It was written before the proposal was subject to detailed examination in the European Parliament and the Council. The article argues that the proposal is a missed opportunity to create a single instrument, like for all other forms of intellectual property, for geographical indications as such, and the need to better explore the concept of the link between a product's characteristics or qualities or reputation and its origin. The proposal does not give sufficient weight to the role of consumers and the wider society in preserving the cultures and traditions that this form of intellectual property seeks to protect.